The Cuban Revolution has lived under permanent siege: military, economic, financial, commercial, media. The American empire has been relentless against the small archipelago that has shown that it is possible to be dignified and with principles in this world.
Everything has been proven against Cuba. Especially, and fiercely, the terrorism that mutilates and kills. A policy of State Terrorism that began shortly after January 1, 1959, when the US opened the doors to the gang of criminals, torturers and embezzlers who left Cuba and founded their fold in Miami, the cradle and germ of the mafia anti-Cuban terrorist. Disgusting murderers and torturers such as Esteban Ventura, Pilar García, Orlando Piedra, Hernando Hernández, Julio Laurent, Lutgardo Martín Pérez, Ángel Sánchez Mosquera, Rolando Masferrer, Conrado Carratalá, Merob Sosa, Alberto del Río Chaviano, Leopoldo Pérez Coujil, Irenaldo García Báez, José María Salas Cañizares and many others, and shameless thieves such as some of the main political collaborators of the dictator Fulgencio Batista,they found immediate or later peaceful refuge in the United States.
As soon as the Agrarian Reform Law was proclaimed, the empire organized, financed and encouraged plans that included the attacks on the main Cuban leaders and terrorism. The historical archives collect about 60 aircraft hijackings or attempts throughout these 60 years; more than 50 bombings with explosives and live phosphorus against Cuban sugar mills and populated urban areas, by small planes leaving and returning to the United States with impunity; 110 dynamite attacks, the detonation of 200 bombs, 950 fires and 6 derailments in less than 6 months, before April 1961, when the mercenary invasion by the Bay of Pigs took place; more than 600 attempted attacks against Fidel Castro and other leaders of the Revolution;a biological war that took the lives of children and the elderly and has caused incalculable material damage to our economy.
From 1959 to 1998, of a total of approximately 560 acts of terror of magnitude committed by these neo-fascist groups against Cuba, some 296, more than half, occurred in United States territory.
As a result of 681 terrorist actions and the mercenary invasion of Playa Girón, proven and documented, 3,478 women, men and children have perished. Another 2,099 have been disabled.
Cubadebate recalls ten of the most terrible acts of terrorism against Cuba encouraged and financed by the United States. Irrefutable proof of the criminal nature of a State that proclaims itself as a champion of human rights and a world policeman.
1. La Coubre Steam Explosion
In 1960 numerous acts of terrorism were carried out against public facilities such as cinemas, theaters, schools and shops, with the aim of sowing panic and terror among the population. The most criminal and bloody of the actions undertaken during that year was the blasting, on March 4 of that year, of the French steamer La Coubre, in the port of Havana, at a time when the ammunition purchased in Belgium was being unloaded for the Rebel Army. This criminal attack caused 101 deaths, including several French people, more than 200 wounded and many disappeared.
2. Sabotage against El Encanto Store
A notorious event was the terrorist sabotage, on April 13, 1961, of the largest department store in the country, El Encanto, located in the very center of the capital. This attack caused the death of the worker Fe del Valle, the total destruction of the property and endangered a large number of Cuban homes, in the days before the mercenary invasion by the Bay of Pigs, which was defeated in less than 72 hours in the sands of Playa Girón.
3. The murders of Conrado Benítez, Manuel Ascunce and other Cuban children, youth and peasants.
The Cuban people remember with singular sadness the murders in 1961 of the teacher Conrado Benítez and the peasant Eliodoro Rodríguez, on January 5; of the teacher Delfín Sen Cedré, in October; and of the teacher Manuel Ascunce Domenech and the peasant Pedro Lantigua, on November 26, crimes carried out in order to derail the Literacy Campaign.
Around this time, several adolescents and children were assassinated with the aim of sowing terror and discouraging support for the Revolution among peasants and agricultural workers. Such were the cases of crimes committed against the lives of several children in the town of Bolondrón: Yolanda and Fermín, 11 and 13 years old, Albinio Sánchez Rodríguez, 10 years old, and Reinaldo Núñez-Bueno, 22 months old. old.
Many documents today declassified demonstrate the historical link between the United States Government and the gangs that operated within our country. In October 1961, the CIA inspector general, Lyman Kirkpatrick, presented a secret report that referred to a covert action, known as Operation Silence, in which, by order of the US government, the CIA carried out 12 operations to supply arms, ammunition and explosives to the armed gangs that operated in our country.
In the same document, and in reference to the huge center established by the CIA in Florida to carry out covert activities against Cuba, Kirkpatrick acknowledged that from January 1960, when it had 40 people, the Bureau expanded to 588 by 16 April 1961, becoming one of the largest in the clandestine services.
4. Attempt to hijack the Il-18 aircraft and assassinations of the pilot and guard
As an example, we will cite what happened on March 27, 1966. A terrorist, using a firearm, tried to divert to the United States, where they were always received as heroes, an IL-18 aircraft from the Cuban Aviation Company, with 97 people on board, including 14 children. Failing in his attempt, due to the brave and determined conduct of the captain, who refused to divert the ship and landed at the Havana International Airport, the hijacker killed the pilot and the custodian and seriously injured the copilot.
5. Cunning attack against the town of Boca de Samá
On October 12, 1971, there was a cunning attack against the town of Boca de Samá, on the north coast of the former Oriente province. This cowardly action against a small Cuban town caused two fatalities and injuries to other residents of the town, including two children.
6. Attack against Cuban vessels Cayo Largo 17 and Cayo Largo 34
On October 4, 1973, the Cuban fishing boats Cayo Largo 17 and Cayo Largo 34 were attacked by two gunboats manned by terrorists, who assassinated the fisherman Roberto Torna Mirabal and left the rest of the crew in rubber rafts, without water or food.
7. Vile Sabotage against Cubana de Aviación Aircraft in Barbados on October 6, 1976
On October 6, 1976, the most monstrous and repugnant terrorist act committed in that period occurred: the explosion in mid-flight of a plane belonging to the Cuban Aviation airline with 73 people on board, 57 of them Cubans, 11 young Guyanese (6 of them selected to study medicine in Cuba) and 5 citizens of the DPR of Korea. All perished.
The attack against the Cuban civilian plane was committed by two mercenaries of Venezuelan nationality, hired by two of the most notorious terrorists of Cuban origin: Orlando Bosch Ávila (author of 321 terrorist actions), who, despite the contrary opinion of the Department of Justice He received a special authorization from President Bush Sr. to reside in the United States and has lived in Miami since 1990; and Luis Posada Carriles, currently imprisoned in Panama for trying to assassinate the Cuban Head of State. Both had been recruited by the CIA since 1960 and had specialized in sophisticated sabotage techniques with all kinds of means. The two aforementioned terrorists were then members of the CORU organization, founded in June 1976 by Orlando Bosch himself, unifying several terrorist organizations.CORU considerably increased terrorist actions not only against Cuba, but also against 24 other countries in Europe, Latin America and Central America.
8. Assassination in the middle of New York of the Cuban diplomat Félix García on September 11.
That September 11, 1980, the Cuban diplomat accredited to the UN, Félix García, commemorated, together with several Chilean colleagues, the resistance of President Salvador Allende to the coup that, in collusion with the United States government, Augusto Pinochet struck.
He also distributed some copies of the latest issue of the magazine “Bohemia” in different meeting places for emigrants, and even counterrevolutionaries, so that they would find out about the important achievements made by socialism in Cuba.
But later in the day and in front of a red traffic light, he had to stop the car he was driving, a moment taken by an armed individual who, pointing at Felix, squeezed the trigger with anger and hatred. Four killer bullets ended his life. He was the first UN-accredited diplomat to be assassinated in the United States.
The terrorist who shot him was Eduardo Arocena, leader of the Cuban-American far-right organization Omega 7, which for years operated in the US with total impunity.
The Centro de Investigaciones Históricas de la Seguridad del Estado (CIHSE) has documented 581 attacks against Cuban representations abroad, a figure that is represented in the CIA Chamber within the Complaint Memorial , and which in recent years has been overcome with new events, such as the one that occurred on April 30, 2020 against the Embassy of our country in Washington.
9. Introduction of the dengue epidemic that killed 101 children
In May 1981, cases of patients infected with the Dengue-2 virus, popularly known as Hemorrhagic Dengue, began to be reported, a strain of the virus genetically separated from those that were circulating in other Caribbean countries at the time and that, instead, it was related to laboratory strains developed only in North American facilities. In a few weeks, the epidemic of a disease that had never existed in the country broke out, reaching the unprecedented number of 344,203 infected people. 158 people died as a result of the epidemic, including 101 children.
The investigations and meticulous studies carried out showed that the epidemic was deliberately introduced into Cuban territory by terrorist agents at the service of the United States Government. According to statements by the North American expert, Colonel Phillip Russell, during the XIV International Congress of the Pacific Ocean, North American specialists in biological warfare had been the only ones to obtain a variety of the Aedes Aegypti mosquito that was sensitively associated with the transmission of the Dengue-2 virus.
In the 1984 trial held in the United States against Eduardo Arocena, head of the terrorist organization Omega 7, he confessed to having introduced germs into Cuba and acknowledged that the Dengue Hemorrhagic virus was introduced to the Island by groups based in the United States.
Days before the disease began to manifest itself in Cuba, the US Army immunized the personnel of the Guantanamo Naval Base with a vaccine that included protection against Dengue-2. This meant that in said military enclave not a single case of the disease was registered, which, on the other hand, significantly affected the rest of the national territory, without any exception.
If it had not been for the colossal effort undertaken by all our people and Government, tens of thousands of people could have died, the vast majority of them children. In just over four months, we managed to defeat an epidemic that many experts predicted would take years to eradicate. The economic impact was also considerable.
10. Bombs in Cuban hotels to affect tourism
The Cuban American National Foundation (CANF), financier of political campaigns of various legislators and even US presidents, assumed the organization and financing of terrorist actions against Cuba from 1992. In service, under the orders and with the money of the CAN , several terrorists were recruited in Central American countries, who planted bombs in Cuban tourist facilities for the collection of a reward. In 1997, they exploded seven bombs in hotels and tourist facilities in the country. In one of these attacks, the young Italian tourist Fabio Di Celmo died. The objective was clear: to ruin the Cuban tourism industry, which was already emerging as the country’s main economic sector.
Terrorism against Cuba is not a thing of the past. On the contrary, the hateful and aggressive speech of the current US administration is a breeding ground for new terrorist actions, as shown by the machine-gunning of the Cuban Embassy in Washington on April 30, 2020, or as this post from the Truth Network :
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